The Macchiaioli at the Musée de l’Orangerie

Paris, 8 March 2013, Art Media Agency (AMA).

From 10 April to 22 July 2013, the Musée de l’Orangerie will be presenting an exhibition titled “The Macchiaioli 1850-1874: Italian Impressionists?”

The pictorial movement of the “Macchiaioli” developed in Florence during the second half of the 19th century. The word was invented in 1862 by a critic from the Gazetta del Popolo, who defined these painters in a rather pejorative fashion (from the Italian “macchia”, which means “stain”).

Among the actors of the movement, we might mention Giovanni Fattori, Silvestro Lega and Telemaco Signorini. These artists wanted to renew the art of painting. The Macchiaioli broke with Romanticism, Neoclassicism and Academism. They emphasised the importance of landscape, although they also produced works representing scenes of the Bourgeois life and Italian contemporary history, with outdoors practice.

They gave a new life to Italian painting, and they are deemed the precursors of Modern painting in Italy. They work had a capital influence on Italian filmmakers such as Luchino Visconti and Mauro Bolognini.